A Comprehensive Guide to U.S. Medical School Requirements

Gaining admission into a medical school in the United States is challenging. It requires a significant time and financial commitment from overseas students. It is not simple to get into a medical school. One needs to put in a lot of work intellectually to obtain a chance to attend a recognized medical school in the United States. The next significant obstacle is intellectual effort.

The road may be difficult, but the benefits, in the end, are unrivaled: a stable position with a good salary and respect from others in the community.

In contrast to the United Kingdom and other countries, the United States exclusively grants postgraduate degrees in medicine.

The criteria for medical school might appear overwhelming. You may feel stunned just thinking about all you need to do and accomplish to be an attractive candidate for medical school.

What's the upbeat report? You can (and will be able to) finish everything if you keep things organized, don't try to do everything too soon, and put in a lot of effort.

Learn about the prerequisites for medical school by reading this blog. Find out which premed courses and medical school prerequisites you must take and which academic and extra-curricular activities you must participate in.

Also, you’ll know how you may meet your premed requirements to set you apart from other applicants when attending medical school in 2022.

Because attaining a degree in medicine involves a solid grounding in both the sciences and mathematics before beginning the program. Because of this, the prerequisites for medical school have a higher concentration in biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics.

The admissions committees for medical schools need to be convinced, among other things, that you understand what it means to practice medicine. They also gauge that you can collaborate well with individuals from various backgrounds and be a practical part of a team.

After reading this article, you will have a solid understanding of the academic, scholarly, and extra-curricular criteria for medical school. It will put you in an excellent position to apply for medical school.

What kind of undergraduate degree is necessary to go into medical school?

A degree from a college or university accredited for four years is necessary.

It does not make a difference if your degree is a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Bachelor of Science (B.S.). Every medical school in the United States requires that you have completed a four-year degree from an authorized college.

Apply to medical schools before you have finished all of your undergraduate studies. In such a case, continuing your education after completing your undergraduate degree would be impossible. Some students decide to get additional degrees before enrolling in medical schools, such as a Master of Public Health (MPH) or Special Master's program (SMP). However, this is not a prerequisite for medical school admission and is not mandatory.

When applying to medical school, many students are curious about whether or not the prominence or prestige of their undergraduate institution matters. No simple response to this question can be "yes" or "no."

When determining a student's GPA, medical schools may consider the student's undergraduate institution if it is particularly prominent or well-known for being very challenging. Similarly, the grade point average will be evaluated concerning the setting of the institution that the student attends, mainly if the college is more accessible.

Requirements in pre-med major!

Students have the option to concentrate on fields that are not scientific. Medical schools are always looking for applicants who are intellectually interested and diversified. They do not want a whole class of students majoring in biology or chemistry. Additionally, having two majors or getting a minor does not boost one's overall candidacy.

Take upper-division scientific courses no matter your significance to demonstrate that you can do well in those subjects. As a student working toward a medical degree, you are free to choose your major from various academic fields.

However, because your grade point average (GPA) is so crucial in the admissions process for medical school, strive to major in the area that will allow you to get the best possible GPA.

For instance, a student majoring in Applied Mathematics who has a GPA of 3.5 overall and a GPA of 3.4 in PCMB would not be as competitive as a student majoring in Spanish who has better metrics.

The following is a list of the general requirements that need should be met before applying to medical school:

  • Biology with laboratory work (two-semester sequence)
  • Chemistry survey with laboratory work (two-semester sequence)
  • Laboratory work in organic chemistry (two-semester sequence)
  • Laboratory-based physics (two-semester sequence)
  • etymologically (two semesters)

These are the very minimum requirements; however, the majority of medical schools will need far more, including completion of additional specialized coursework.

Similarly, as with your degree, you must finish all of the prerequisites for medical school before you can enroll. In other words, if you want to apply to medical school, you may do so even if you still have a few necessary classes left to finish. You won't have anything to worry about if you finish everything before starting classes.

MCAT requirements

Medical schools use scores on the MCAT to make comparisons between candidates who attended various undergraduate institutions. You will be required to present an MCAT score earned within the previous three years at most medical schools to which you apply. If it has been more than three years since your last attempt at the MCAT, you will almost certainly need to retake the test.

It is to your advantage to earn a higher score on the MCAT®. Applicants must get a composite score of 511 or above on the MCAT® to get considered for admission to allopathic medical schools in the United States.

An MCAT score of 506 or more is considered competitive for admission to osteopathic medical schools. If you are applying to D.O. (osteopathic) medical schools, your MCAT score does not need to be as high.

On the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT), a student's highest possible score is 528. A score of 518 or above on the MCAT is considered exceptional.

The most current findings indicate that students admitted into allopathic medical schools had an average MCAT score of 511.9, with the following breakdown of their scores: 127.9  in CPBS, 127 in CARS, 128.2 in BBLS, and 128.8 in PSBB.

College students often take the MCAT during the summer between their junior and senior years. Remember that most medical schools will accept MCAT results up to two or three years old when planning your test date.

When determining when you will take the MCAT, be sure to give your application to medical school and schedule for admissions significant thought.

GPA requirements

The vast majority of schools of medicine do not publicize their criteria for a minimum GPA. Nevertheless, most medical schools will send you their supplemental application once your initial application gets confirmed. It would not consider grade point average initially, even if you have that on the application.

In the academic year 2020-2021, all incoming medical school students' overall average grade point average was 3.73. While the average BCPM for MD-granting schools in the United States was 3.66.

It is a question that many students ask, but it is difficult to answer because there is no single "good enough" grade point average. Some medical schools have minimal standards for applicants' grade point averages to screen them.

The better off you are, the higher your GPA. However, the average grade point average (GPA) of 3.5 is the minimum needed for admission to medical school.

However, schools also pay attention to the patterns in students' grades. Many students struggle in their early college years simply because they are unprepared for the academic course load. These students lack the maturity, time management, and study skills necessary to succeed in college.

Suppose you have a history of improving your grades over time. In that case, medical schools may be ready to overlook your less-than-stellar early undergraduate performance. However, to get into the most prestigious colleges, it is necessary to maintain a high GPA.

How can you determine whether or not your GPA is competitive for the medical school of your choice? We recommend that you look at the MSAR statistics and check to see if your grade point average is at or above the middle 50th percentile for the schools in which you are most interested.

The grade point averages of admitted students might vary relatively a little from one medical school to the next. There is never a significant deviation from a grade point average of 3.7 for students accepted to allopathic medical schools.

Extra-curricular requirements

During the admissions process, it is excellent to highlight other passions you have since this will demonstrate that you are a person who is intriguing, interested, and involved.

Since medical schools should enroll various medical students, having interests outside of medicine might be intriguing.

  • Dedication to the practice of medicine and the pursuit of scientific knowledge 
  • Experience in conducting research with a variety of population types
  • a commitment to the purpose of charitable goals
  • Intellectual curiosity
  • Exposure to clinical medicine
  • Excellent interpersonal skills

Letter of recommendation requirements

The following are the fundamentals that you ought to work toward obtaining:

Two letters, one from an undergraduate professor and one from a graduate school professor, should be sent.

  • One letter from a professor who teaches a subject other than science, either from an undergraduate or graduate institution.
  • Two to three letters from someone who has supervised you in a non-academic environment, such as the principal investigator of your research lab or an advisor from an internship or volunteer opportunity.


That’s all in this blog. Do not worry if it seems too much. Once you begin, you will handle it all well. Begin by making a checklist and see if you are fulfilling it. Work on the ones that are pending. 

You got that, kid. Happy Learning, and all the best for your med school process.