GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment: Crafting a Strong Argument

The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) includes an Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) section where you are required to analyze the reasoning behind a given argument and write a critique. This section aims to assess your ability to think critically and communicate effectively. In this guide, we'll explore strategies for crafting a strong argument in the GMAT AWA.

 Understanding the AWA Task:

1. Argument Prompt Analysis:

   - Carefully read and analyze the given argument prompt. Identify the key components, assumptions, and evidence presented.

2. Critical Thinking:

   - Approach the argument critically. Question assumptions, evaluate the evidence, and consider alternative explanations or counterarguments.

 Structuring Your Response:

3. Introduction:

   - Begin with a concise introduction that provides context for your response. Clearly state whether you find the argument convincing or not.

4. Thesis Statement:

   - Develop a clear thesis statement that outlines the primary reasons supporting your stance on the argument's validity.

5. Paragraph Development:

   - Dedicate separate paragraphs to address specific aspects of the argument. Develop each paragraph with a clear topic sentence, evidence, and analysis.

 Analyzing Assumptions:

6. Identify Assumptions:

   - Pinpoint the assumptions underlying the argument. These are often unstated premises that, if flawed, weaken the overall argument.

7. Evaluate Assumptions:

   - Critically evaluate the validity of each assumption. Consider whether they are well-supported, realistic, and essential for the argument's conclusion.

 Assessing Evidence:

8. Examine Supporting Evidence:

   - Scrutinize the evidence presented in the argument. Assess its relevance, reliability, and sufficiency to substantiate the conclusion.

9. Counterarguments:

   - Anticipate potential counterarguments and address them in your response. Acknowledge opposing viewpoints and explain why they do not undermine your position.

 Clarity and Coherence:

10. Logical Flow:

    - Ensure a logical flow of ideas throughout your response. Each paragraph should build upon the previous one, leading to a coherent and convincing argument.

11. Transitions:

    - Use effective transitions between paragraphs and ideas. This enhances the readability and clarity of your response.

 Language and Style:

12. Concise Language:

    - Use clear and concise language to convey your ideas. Avoid unnecessary verbosity and focus on articulating your points succinctly.

13. Varied Sentence Structure:

    - Employ varied sentence structures to enhance the overall quality of your writing. This contributes to a more engaging and sophisticated response.


14. Summarize Key Points:

    - Provide a brief summary of the key points supporting your evaluation of the argument. Reinforce your stance on the argument's overall validity.

15. Reaffirm Thesis:

    - Reaffirm your thesis in the conclusion, emphasizing the main reasons supporting your assessment of the argument.

 Review and Edit:

16. Proofreading:

    - Take time to review and edit your response. Check for grammatical errors, clarity of expression, and overall coherence.

17. Time Management:

    - Practice managing your time effectively during AWA practice sessions. Strive to complete your response within the allocated time.

 Seek Feedback:

18. Peer Review:

    - If possible, seek feedback from peers or mentors on your AWA responses. External perspectives can provide valuable insights for improvement.

19. Reflect on Feedback:

    - Reflect on feedback received and identify patterns in areas that need improvement. Use this information to enhance your future AWA performance.

 Conclusion: Excelling in GMAT AWA Argument Task

Crafting a strong argument in the GMAT AWA requires a combination of critical thinking, effective communication, and strategic writing. By analyzing assumptions, evaluating evidence, and presenting a well-structured and coherent response, you can excel in this section. Consistent practice, attention to detail, and a focus on refining your argumentative skills will contribute to your success in the GMAT AWA task. Remember that this section is an opportunity to showcase your analytical prowess and communication abilities to business schools.